In part 4 the participants were presented with different statements, and they were asked to indicate whether they agreed or disagreed with the statements on a 5-point Likert scale. The purpose of this part was to (roughly) measure attitudes that might affect the participants’ pronoun usage and their opinions about the studied pronouns (e.g. whether … Continue reading Attitudes (preliminary results from part 4)
It's been a busy long year, I hope to update this blog once more before the end is nigh (as far as this year goes), but meanwhile I want to share a blog post on nonbinary pronouns with you that I wrote on IGALA's (International Gender and Language Association) graduate student blog issue. Be sure … Continue reading Nonbinary pronouns (again)
The purpose of part 5 was to find out how gender-inclusive generic pronominal references are viewed to be. In contrast to other parts of the survey, the dependent possessive pronouns (also called pronominal possessive determiners, or just possessive determiners) his, her, their, and his or her were used, mainly to avoid repeating the nominative personal … Continue reading How inclusive are generic pronouns? (Part 5 preliminary results)
The purpose of part 3 was to see which generic pronouns the participants would view as ‘acceptable’, and which as ‘not acceptable’. ‘Acceptable’ was defined as something that the participants themselves would view as ‘natural or correct language use’ (in contrast to what a grammar book might find as ‘acceptable’). They, he, she, and he … Continue reading Which generic pronouns are acceptable? (Part 3 preliminary results)
Part 2 consisted of several ‘fill in the blank’ tasks, of which some were filler questions and the rest (9 tasks) were designed to elicit 3rd person singular generic pronouns (i.e. a pronoun could be filled in the blank). The fillers concentrated on preposition and article use, and different spelling variants (e.g. burned vs. burnt). … Continue reading Generic pronouns (Part 2 preliminary results)
In part 1, I asked the participants to describe in a few sentences what in their opinion is a successful person. The purpose of this task was to elicit generic 3rd person singular pronoun usage, i.e. to see which (3rd person singular) pronouns the participants would use to refer to an unknown, unspecific, generic person, … Continue reading Is a successful person a he, a she or a they? (Part 1 preliminary results)
In the survey, I asked about the participants’ gender with an open-answer text box. There were no pre-labels, and everyone could type in what they wanted (an opportunity a few participants of course exploited for humorous purposes). The only thing I asked the participants to do besides filling in their gender was to indicate … Continue reading What words and labels are used to describe gender?
Who participated in the survey? In the end, there were 1128 eligible responses (and I’m thankful for each and every one!). In this post, I will share some of the (but not all) collected background information of the participants. Especially with a non-random sample like mine, it is important to know what kind of … Continue reading Overview of survey participants
Although the plan was to go through the preliminary results ’chronologically’, I can’t resist giving you a sneak peek of the results regarding non-binary pronouns, since I presented some preliminary results of the survey in the form of a poster at the HELSLANG summer conference earlier this month (HELSLANG is the Doctoral Programme for Language … Continue reading Non-binary pronouns
Short and simple: This is a research blog that I intend to use for sharing parts of my PhD journey. What Can You (possibly) Expect? My PhD thesis focuses on English 3rd person singular pronouns, and even though I have proclaimed myself the pronoun blogger here, I cannot guarantee other language-related (or PhD-related) topics won’t … Continue reading What Is This Blog?